Laureate 2004 <br>Tzvetan Todorov

Tzvetan Todorov was born, as he puts it, at the worst time of the 20th century in communist Bulgaria: “the year that the pact between Germany and the Soviet Union was made, that (…) Stalin and Hitler shook each other’s hand.”. In 1963 he flees communism and settles in Paris, but totalitarian society will continue to be one of his major political themes. 

Laureate 2002 <br>Avishai Margalit

Avishai Margalit lives in Jeruzalem and works there as a professor of Philosophy at Hebrew University. In recent years he has mainly been busy with political philosophy. In his thinking, he, in a surprising way, uses the notion of decency as a measure of civilization/culture.