Apart from many books (The Decent Society being one of his most significant works) and articles in various magazines, he also regularly writes for the New York Review of Books. Margalit is one of the founders and active members of Peace Now, Israels major peace-movement. In 2004 Margalit published, together with Ian Buruma the book Occidentalism. The West in the eyes of its enemies.
“In talking with Israeli Arabs and Palestinians he became convinced of the crucial significance/meaning/value of honour and humiliation in peoples lives.” (quote from the jury-report)